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Celebrating the 70th anniversary of the founding

On September 10, 2009, in order to welcome the 60th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China, the “100 heroes who made outstanding contributions to the founding of New China” jointly organized by 11 departments including the Central Propaganda Department, the Central Organization Department, and the General Political Department of the People’s Liberation Army The results of the selection campaign with 100 new China since its inception were announced. On September 14, Hu Jintao and other party and state leaders met with representatives of the “Double Hundred” figures representing the symposium and paid high tribute to the heroic model figures who made outstanding contributions to the founding, construction and reform of the new China.

On September 17, 2019, as an important part of the celebration of the 70th anniversary of the founding of New China, President Xi Jinping signed a presidential decree, according to the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, which was voted on the afternoon of the 13th meeting of the 13th National People’s Congress Standing Committee. With regard to the decision to award the National Medal and the National Honorary Title, 42 national medals and national honorary titles were awarded. Establish an example of patriotism and advancement, and inspire all ethnic groups in the country to advance the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation in order to build a socialist modernization power.

The people’s hero is the backbone of the nation and the most shining coordinates of the nation. In the great historical journey of striving for the independence and liberation of the Chinese nation and the people’s freedom and happiness, thousands of heroic characters have emerged, and a heroic hymn of the Zhuangshan River has been written.

“In modern times, all the people who sacrificed for the independence and liberation of the Chinese nation, all the people who fought bravely for the Chinese nation to break away from foreign colonial rule and aggression, all those who have mastered their own destiny and created a new path for national development for the Chinese nation are National heroes are national glory. The Chinese people will always remember the immortal feats they built!”

When celebrating the 70th anniversary of the People’s Republic of China, the motherland and the people will not forget the people’s heroes who have made outstanding contributions to the founding, construction and reform of the new China for the independence and liberation of the Chinese nation.

China has a history of 5,000 years. The Chinese are a great, brave and hardworking nation. He once had the pride of the four inventions of “gunpowder, compass, papermaking, printing”, and had a prosperous period such as the rule of Wenjing, the rule of Zhenguan, the prosperity of Kaiyuan, the prosperity of Yongzheng, and the prosperity of Kanggan. For a long time, China stood at the forefront of the world. It was only in modern times that it gradually fell behind. Beginning with the Opium War of 1840, the Western imperialist powers opened the door to the feudal autocratic Qing dynasty with a cannon. Forced China to sign thousands of unequal treaties, China was cut off millions of square kilometers of land and was plundered hundreds of millions of dollars. China has become a semi-feudal and semi-colonial country. In the eyes of Western powers, China is a sick man in East Asia. Chinese people are like dogs.

The Chinese people who do not want to be slaves are the independent liberation of the motherland, the freedom and happiness of the people, the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, and the unyielding and unyielding struggles.

In order to resist the aggression of the Western powers and save the motherland from peril, Lin Zexu, Guan Tianpei and Humen sold cigarettes, Feng Zicai Town Nanguan resisted the law, Zuo Zongtang regained Xinjiang, Deng Shichang blood sprinkled the Yellow Sea, Kang Youwei, Liang Qichao and Tan Wei performed the Wuxu Reformation, and the Yihe Group rose up. .

In order to overthrow the feudal dynasty, Hong Xiuquan Jin Tianjuqi launched the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement, Zhang Taiyan published a essay in the “Su Newspaper”, Zou Ronggan was “a revolutionary army in the middle of the horse”, Chen Tianhua sounded “Warning Bell”, Qiu Jin “spelled 100,000 head blood , Qiankun force must be saved.”, Sun Yat-sen, Huang Xing led the Revolution of 1911, and the seventy-two martyrs broke Huanghuagang.

In order to resist the Japanese imperialist aggression, Yang Jingyu, Zhao Shangzhi, Li Zhaolin, and Zhao Yiman fought bloody battles in Baishan Blackwater, Zuoquan, Peng Xuefeng, Ma Benzhai, Qilinge, Zhao Dengyu, Zhang Zizhong, and Dai An’s fear of blood, and Nie’s sounded “The March of the Volunteers” “Xing Xing Hai Gao played “Yellow River Chorus”, “The Five Strong Men of Langya Mountain”, “Liu Laozhuang Company”, “Anti-Joint Alliance Jiang Eight Women” and other unyielding bloody battles.

In order to overthrow the three mountains and create a new China, Li Dazhao, Qu Qiubai, Fang Zhimin, Xia Minghan, Peng Yu’s shoulders are not afraid of the guillotine, Zhou Wenzhao and Chen Tiejun hold a wedding ceremony on the execution ground. Liu Hulan and Jiang Zhu’s death are unyielding in the fire. Chen Shuxiang, Liu Zhidan, Dong Zhentang took the lead in the battlefield, Lu Xun used a pen to make a knife and a gun, Zhang Side was dedicated to the people, Dong Cunrui was bombing the bunker, Daduhe 17 Warriors and Luding Bridge 22 Warriors on the Long March to build Qigong, hard bones six companies, Dujiang Heroes The Tashan Heroes’ liberation battlefield 逞 Yinghao.

On October 1, 1949, the People’s Republic of China was established. It ended the history of a small number of exploiters who ruled the working people and imperialists enslaved the people of all ethnic groups in China. The people at the bottom of the society became the masters of the most populous country on the planet, established a socialist system, and the development of the Chinese nation opened a new era of history. .

The founding of New China has turned the people into masters and fully inspired the enthusiasm and creativity of the people. The wisdom and enthusiasm of the people have emerged like volcanic lava. Under the leadership of the Communist Party, the people of all nationalities in the country are united, self-reliant, and angry, and draw a new picture on the land of thousands of holes and one poor and two white.

Wang Guozhen organized 23 poor and employable farmers to start a “poor rod” cooperative with only three lame legs. Chen Yonggui and Guo Fenglian led the Dazhai people to build terraces, and Shi Lahe and Wu Renbao led the villagers to build new countryside. The people of Lin County opened up the mountain. The “Red Flag Canal” was built in the land, and they set an example for the broad masses of peasants to embark on the road of socialist common prosperity.

Meng Tai created “Angang Steel Mengtai Warehouse”, Wang Jinxi desperately won the big oil field, Ma Hengchang group machine manufacturing creates a good track, Hao Jianxiu, Zhao Mengtao, Wu Guixian textile front as a model, Deng Jianjun technical innovation invented the national leader, Xu Zhenchao container loading and unloading famous Four seas, Wuhan, Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge flying north and south, Chengkun, Qinghai-Tibet Railway and high-speed rail extending in all directions, the Chinese working class has created a world miracle.

Li Siguang founded geomechanics to remove the hat of “China’s poor oil”, Qian Xuesen, Deng Jiaxian, Yu Min, Sun Jiadong, Cheng Kaijia, two bombs and one star Jianqigong, Yuan Longping hybrid rice, Tuyu artemisinin, Gu Fangzhou polio The vaccine “sugar pill” for the benefit of mankind, Hua Luogeng created the preferred method, Chen Jingrun cracked the Goldbach conjecture, Wu Wenjun pioneered the new field of mathematical mechanization, Huang Xuhua forged nuclear submarine, Wang Xuan created the laser Chinese character arrangement system, Nanrendong led the creation of the eye, and Ye Peijian designed the moon Yang Liwei and Jing Haipeng traveled in space, and the world-class achievements of Chinese science and technology are increasing.

Lei Feng puts limited life into the infinite service for the people. Wang Jie “I am not afraid of suffering, and is not afraid of death” to save the people. The little sisters of the grassland heroes are not afraid of the cold and the patriarchs. Liu Wenyong’s gangsters maintain the collective Property, rushing into the fire to save the country’s property, Ouyang Haiying rescued the train, Liu Yingjun stopped the horse to protect the children, Zhang Huashe rescued the old farmer, Lai Ning did not take care of the mountain fire, they used their youth and blood to sacrifice their love for the motherland and the people. .

Shi Chuan Xiang Ning Ken is a scent for Wan Huxiang, Zhang Binggui is a fire for the customers, Li Guilin and Lu Jianfen and the couple support the “Tianti School”, Li Chunyan, Li Suzhi, Li Mengtao wholeheartedly treat the diseases of all ethnic groups, Li Baoguo uses scientific and technological knowledge To help the poor, Wang Shunyou propped up the “mobile post office” on the mountain road. Fan Jinshi took root in the desert to donate the Dunhuang Mogao Grottoes.

Wang Youde explored the new model of sand prevention and control for the national benchmark. Shen Jilan was the representative of the National People’s Congress for 60 years and faithfully performed, Bujuma Khan Mauledu has been in the plateau for more than 50 years without any mistakes. Ai Jiiti Ma Miti anti-terrorism protects the heroic dedication, Shi Guangnan uses life to write reforms, Yang Xiangyu, Guo Lanying, Qin Yi, Xie Jin, Li Xuejian The people dedicated excellent spiritual food, Rong Guotuan, Wang Wenjiao, Lang Pingyong won the world championship, Ren Zhengfei, Ni Runfeng, Lu Guanqiu enterprise reform miracle, Jiao Yulu, Kong Fansen, Yang Shanzhou, Wu Tianxiang, Wu Jinyin as the public servant for the people to solve difficulties, they In their respective posts, they have done their best to build a new monument for building a new China.

Huang Jiguang, Qiu Shaoyun, Yang Gensi, Mao Anying, the Korean battlefield buried loyal bones, Zhou Tianxi, Luo Guangkai, Chen Daifu’s counterattacks against India’s self-defense, and Mai Xian’s “eight-six” naval battle was seriously wounded and stubbornly fighting, Leng Pengfei, Sun Yuguo, Yu Qing On the treasure islands of Yang and other treasures, heroic wit and enemies, Li Qinghai, Jiang Limin, Liu Hongsheng, Chen Quangang, etc. fought bravely against the Vietnam self-defense counterattack battlefield. The bearded division commander Wu Changfu led the troops to fight the Daxinganling fire. The new soldier Li Xiangqun insisted on taking the disease to participate in the “98 flood control”. “At the expense of the Yangtze River embankment, Qiu Guanghua, Li Yue, Zhang Peng, Wu Wenbin and other 90 comrades dedicated themselves to the Wenchuan earthquake relief battlefield. Li Yannian and Zhang Fuqing’s old fighting heroes have been deeply enlisted for decades. They use blood and life as their dedication. It has made outstanding contributions to safeguarding the security of the motherland and protecting the well-being of the people.

In the long river of Chinese social and historical development, the people’s heroes are shining. The great struggle of the magnificent Chinese revolution and socialist modernization has built a great platform for the heroes of the people. Under the leadership of the Communist Party, the people created the new China, developed the new China, and realized the good wishes of the people’s heroes.

The Communist Party of China is the greatest team of heroes. With the purpose of serving the people wholeheartedly, she takes the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation as her own duty, and emerges thousands of heroes who have dedicated themselves to the motherland and dedicated themselves to the people. According to the statistics of the Central Organization Department and the civil affairs department, from the establishment of the CCP in July 1921 to the 28 years of revolutionary struggle in the founding of New China in October 1949, about 3.7 million party members gave their lives to the revolution (including on the battlefield). The number of sacrificial party members is nearly 500,000. On average, 370 Communists are sacrificed every day. On September 10, 2009, more than 95% of the “100 heroic model figures who made outstanding contributions to the founding of New China and 100 Chinese people who moved since the founding of New China” were members of the Communist Party. On September 17, 2019, there were 36 Chinese citizens who were awarded the National Medal of 42 and the National Honorary Title, of which 33 were Communists.

The Communist Party of China has the admiration of the people’s heroes, attaches great importance to the commendation of hero models and the promotion of the fine tradition of heroic spirit. During the Red Army, the Red Star of the Chinese Soviet Republic was established. On August 1, 1933, the awarding ceremony was held during the first celebration of the “August 1st” Army Day. Mao Zedong, Chairman of the Provisional Central Government of the Chinese Soviet Republic, awarded the award to the winners. The central government also selected and commended the model of “labor competition” and “excellent red army”. During the Anti-Japanese War, the Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Region Government launched a large-scale production campaign to break the Japanese and Kuomintang blockades. In 1943 and 1944, the Labor Hero and Model Producer Commendation Conference was held, and a number of advanced models were established. The Eighth Route Army New Fourth Army launched a meritorious model movement. In the war of liberation, the People’s Liberation Army launched a campaign for the people to promote the spirit of revolutionary heroism and improve combat effectiveness.

On the eve of the founding of New China, on September 30, 1949, the first plenary session of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference decided to establish a monument to the People’s Heroes in the capital Beijing to commemorate the people’s heroes who died in the People’s Liberation War and the People’s Revolution. During the National Day ceremony from September 25 to October 2, 1950, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the Government Council held the first National Model Workers Commendation Conference in Beijing. The meeting represented 464 people. Among them, there are 208 people in industry, 198 people in agriculture, and 58 people in the army.

They have all won the honorary title of “National Model Worker” awarded by the Central People’s Government. Chairman Mao sent a congratulatory message to the model: “You are the model of the entire Chinese nation, the backbone of the people’s cause in all aspects of the cause, the reliable pillar of the people’s government and the bridge between the people’s government and the masses.” As a fixed system, labor model recognition must be sustained for a long time. Later, every year, the National Federation of Trade Unions awarded the “May 1 Labor Medal”, and the All-China Women’s Federation selected and commended the “March Eighth Red Flag Bearer”. Since the 1950s, the People’s Army has carried out honours throughout the military in accordance with the honours regulations passed by the National People’s Congress, and awarded the August 1st Medal, the Medal of Independence and Freedom to officers and soldiers who participated in the revolutionary wars in different historical periods. Liberation Medal. He also commends heroic model figures in a timely manner according to the completion of major tasks.

Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, it has adapted to the new situation and standardized and refined the system of commendation of martyrs heroes. On August 31, 2014, the Tenth Session of the Standing Committee of the 12th National People’s Congress passed the “Decision on the Martyrs’ Day (Draft)” to establish the Martyrs’ Day. The legal form will be set up as a Chinese Martyr on September 30. Anniversary, and stipulates that the country will hold a memorial ceremony for martyrs on September 30 each year. In December 2015, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China issued the “Opinions on Establishing and Perfecting the Honor and Recognition System for the Party and the National Meritoriousness”.

The Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress promulgated the “National Medal of the People’s Republic of China and the National Honorary Law”, which stipulates that the State establishes the “Republic of the Medal”. “Friendship Medal” and national honorary title. In August 2017, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council issued the “National Meritorious Honor Awards Regulations” to further refine the awards for the National Medal and the National Honorary Title. On April 27, 2018, the Second Session of the Standing Committee of the 13th National People’s Congress passed the Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Protection of Heroes and Martyrs, defending the heroes with legal weapons. For three consecutive years since the establishment of the “Martyrs’ Day” in 2014, Comrade Xi Jinping attended the commemorative event held in Tiananmen Square, Beijing. Together with representatives from all walks of life, he dedicated a basket to the people’s heroes and deeply cherished the heroic dedication to the motherland. Martyrs.

It is the party and the government that upholds the people’s heroes, defends the people’s heroes, carries forward the spirit of the people’s heroes, and makes the new China clean and ethical. Under the leadership of the Communist Party, the people of the whole country are united in one heart, high-spirited, high-spirited, and break the blockade, subversion, and hostility of hostile forces at home and abroad. Aggression, independence, self-reliance and hard work, turned a weak and poor “Sick Man of East Asia” into the second largest economy in the world’s largest industrial country, a prosperous and strong new China. The people’s life has gone from shortage to abundance, from food and clothing to a well-off society, and has achieved a leap from standing up to becoming rich and strong.

“A nation without heroes is unfortunate. A nation that has heroes but does not know how to respect and love is incorrigible.” Looking at the world, all nations and nations respect and defend their heroes. However, for some time, there has been a tendency in China’s society to “stigmaize” the heroes and heroes, and the historical nihilism has emerged. Some people use the “retrospective history” banner to replace the historical facts with the delusion, replace the whole with the branch, and make a big essay, smashing and vilifying the people’s heroes.

These people are not restoring history, but distorting history; not discovering historical facts, but turning black and white; not academic research, but ulterior motives. In fact, it is a step by step, fundamentally denying the guiding position of Marxism, denying the leadership of the Communist Party of China, denying the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and denying the Chinese excellent culture and revolutionary spirit. If left unchecked, it will inevitably dispel people’s national consciousness, national identity, and impact socialist ideology. From the collapse of the Soviet Communist Party and the disintegration of the Soviet Union, it was from negating Lenin and Stalin, denying the heroes such as Paul and Zoya, and denying the history of the CPSU and the history of the Soviet Union, causing people to be confused and become an important promoter of the death of the party. The painful lessons of history warn us to always be vigilant and clearly opposed to historical illusion Nothing, and a resolute struggle against the words and deeds of the heroes.

Now, the world has seen a new situation of unprecedented change, and the new China has embarked on a new era of building socialism with Chinese characteristics. The people’s hero is the pioneer of the new journey, and the spirit of the people’s hero is a powerful force that inspires us to move forward. We must remember the people’s heroes, admire the people’s heroes, care for the people’s heroes, and defend the people’s heroes. In the whole society, a good atmosphere of seeing the good and the good, advocating the good, and striving for the vanguard is formed. Carry forward the kind of people’s heroes: the patriotic spirit of the world’s rise and fall, the responsibility of the husband, the spirit of struggle that is not afraid of suffering, the loyalty of dedication, the courage to take responsibility, the fear of danger, and the innovative spirit of the new road. Under the leadership of the Communist Party, we will unite as one, be down-to-earth, and work hard to contribute to building a socialist modernization and strengthening the country and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.